Ib gods

Ib gods

Chukwu is the "supreme" god worshiped by the Ibo people. He is said to have appointed many smaller gods to help him because his work is too great for just one person. The Ibo people must fear Chukwu for his will is too great to be known.

Religion is probably one of the biggest aspects of Ibo culture. It has major influences over Ibo governmentfarmingand even their superstitions. Things Fall Apart. Search this site. About the Authors.

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Ceremonies, Social Gatherings, and Rituals. Conversation and Proverbs. Marriage and Family Structure. Social Status. Works Used. By Mike Kucharski. Many people come from near and far to hear what Agbala has to say. The people look up to her and refer to her as "god-like". The people of the village also listen to every word of the priestess, even if that means making a sacrifice. Many people in the Ibo village sacrifice animals to Ani to entice a good harvest for the year.

She is called upon many times during the year to bless crops i. It is also said that it is a crime against the earth goddess Ani to kill a fellow clansman.

The Apostles' Creed

The Ibo people also believe that " chi " is also closely related to their religion. Chi is said to be an individual's personal god, which is determined by the individual's good fortune or lack thereof. The Ibo people hold their chi responsible for the events that occur in their lives. Because of this it is said that if you have "bad chi" then evil fortune will surely follow you to the grave.

Religion in the Ibo village has been passed down from generation to generation, which is probably why they are so steadfast in their beliefs.

Religion is one thing that helps unify the Ibo village by sticking to their traditional values and strengthening their ancestral ties. Some of these gods are: Chukwu is the "supreme" god worshiped by the Ibo people.Edwards Deming? Edwin R. Bernard Fisher? Cecil R. Brian L.

Ronald D. Dear Quote Investigator: Would you please examine a humorous empirically-minded statement that expands upon a famous motto appearing on U.

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Here are three versions:. Fisher who was addressing a subcommittee of the U. House of Representatives in Emphasis added to excerpts by QI : 1. I should like to close by citing a well-recognized cliche in scientific circles. Thus, the originator remains anonymous at this time. Bernard Fisher, a surgeon at the University of Pittsburgh stated that patients should follow a well-established therapy or enroll in a carefully controlled trial for a less-established approach. In he gave an invited address to the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association with the following title: 3.

Joiner that included an instance: 4. We can help eliminate finger pointing and get down to the facts. All others must bring data. Edwards Deming; no one was given credit: 5. If there is a credo for statisticians, it is that. In Robert V. In Ronald D. The words were enclosed between quotation marks indicating that Snee disclaimed credit; however, no attribution was given: 7.

A new generation of textbooks is needed to help students understand this approach to teaching and using statistics. As Sneep. In conclusion, Edwin R.

ib gods

This was the first known instance; hence, the saying is anonymous. Future researchers may uncover more revealing citations. The linkage to W. Edwards Deming appeared several years later, and there is no substantive support for assigning the saying to that famous engineer.

Image has been altered, retouched, and resized. Great thanks to Erin Bolen whose inquiry led QI to formulate this question and perform this exploration. Bolen mentioned Bernard Fischer as a candidate and pointed to a book by Siddhartha Mukherjee which included a bibliographic note referring to the citation.

Special thanks to the volunteer editors of Wikiquote for listing the citation; also thanks to Barry Popik for his pioneering research.

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Skip to content. Here are three versions: In God we trust; all others must use data. In God we trust; all others must bring data.

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In God we trust; others must have data. When do you think this quip originated? Emphasis added to excerpts by QI : 1 I should like to close by citing a well-recognized cliche in scientific circles.Jump to navigation. Buddhism is not compatible with belief in a personal God that is distinct from His creation, has a sovereign will and plan for mankind, or whose grace can deliver one from guilt and suffering.

In this most crucial sense, Buddhists do not believe in "God" as Christians would define and use that word. Of course, one can find individuals in the modern West who try to harmonize just about any two contradictory beliefs, but one cannot be meaningfully and consistently Buddhist and believe in anything like a theistic God. While there is a more recent, modern trend to portray Buddhism as simply agnostic on the question of God, this is not the case if we are defining God as Christians or even as Jews and Muslims would use the word.

First of all, Buddhism teaches that "nothing can be by itself alone, everything must inter-be with everything else. Secondly, outside of the idea of Nirvana itself, the Buddhist cannot conceive of anything, much less anyone, as permanent or unchanging. The impermanence of all things is, in fact, understood along with suffering and the absence of a real personal self to be one of the three marks of all existence.

ib gods

While some might try to equate Nirvana with God, this is a profound misunderstanding. Nirvana is not personal, is not in any sense a creator, and is not capable of action. Within that philosophical worldview, it is almost impossible to have any room for an atemporal, eternal, absolute truth. Nor is it possible to accommodate the concept of a divine Creation" 9. There is a second sense, however, in which we can ask the question: Do Buddhists believe in "gods.

Are there conscious things besides merely men and animals? Are there spirits or gods in a sense more like those of the old pagan religions or even those in which the Hindus of Buddha's own culture believed?

Does Buddhism deny these entities? In one sense, yes, in the same way that Buddhism denies all individual things or persons really exist as truly distinct things with real, individual identities. But do Buddhists believe that the gods exist at least in the same sense that you or I or cows or rocks exist? The answer to that is generally yes. The earliest legends of Buddha's life have the gods rejoicing at Buddha's enlightenment. In early Buddhist cosmology, the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth included heavenly lives as gods and demi-gods above humanity as well as torturous ghostly births on earth, considered lower than the animals.

It is vital, however, to note here that these were still lives caught in the cycle of death and rebirth. The gods are merely a part of the fleeting and ever-changing temporal world.

They are in the same ultimate suffering as all else, and in the same need of Buddhist enlightenment to attain freedom in the state of Nirvana and the recognition of the absence of self and distinction.

The gods may "exist" in the same tentative and qualified sense that anything can be said to exist in the Buddhist worldview, but the gods cannot help you. On strict Buddhist teaching, it is counterproductive to appeal to them in prayer and offerings or to seek anything from them.

They may be there, but that fact ought to be irrelevant to religious practice. Today, of course, one can find many western Buddhists who deny that these entities exist in any sense, and this view does not conflict with the practice of Buddhism since the Buddhist is not to appeal to such entities for guidance or help anyway.

One might say, then, that most Buddhists acknowledge "gods" but are not instructed to "believe in" them in the sense of any sort of faith or religious devotion though in practice this kind of religious devotion is common in many Buddhist countries. If Buddhists do not believe in "God" in the Christian or monotheistic sense and are not to devote themselves to any "god" in the pagan or polytheistic sense, then is there anything in Buddhist doctrine and practice that might be called the Buddhist god?

Yes, in a sense, but we have to be careful how we define it.A list and description of the full armor of God can be found below. The Bible often illustrates the Christian life as a battle against sin and Satan.

We are soldiers of Christ in a spiritual warfare 2 Corinthians4; 2 Timothy4. Truth is the belt that holds all the other pieces of the armor in place. There are two ways in which truth is a part of the armor of God.

First, it refers to the truths of Scripture as opposed to the lies of Satan. Satan is the father of lies John Satan would have us believe that we are sinful, lost, and without hope. The second way that truth serves as a belt, holding together the full armor of God, is our personal commitment to truth—to living a life that is upright, transparent, and without deceit.

Integrity and honesty are vital to your Christian life. People should know that they can depend on you to be a person of truth and principle. The breastplate covers the heart and shields it and the other vital organs. This righteousness is not made up of the good deeds you do.

The Bible is clear that none of us are righteous in ourselves Romans The breastplate of righteousness is entirely the righteousness of Jesus which He gives us freely when we accept Him as our Savior 2 Corinthians ; Ephesians9; Philippians Soldiers marching into battle must have comfortable shoes.

When Satan attacks with doubts, the shield of faith turns aside the blow. When temptations come, faith keeps us steadfast in following Jesus. This faith is not something that comes from within us. He gives each of us a measure of faith Romans Then as we walk with Him, that faith grows and develops until it becomes a shield, protecting us and allowing us to live a victorious life in Christ.

That can be your experience as well, as you use the shield of faith to turn aside everything Satan hurls at you. The helmet protects the head—perhaps the most vital part of the body since it is the seat of thought and the mind. When we are certain that we are in Christ with our sins forgiven, we will have a peace that nothing can disturb.

The sword of the spirit is the only weapon of offense listed in the armor of God.

List of Great Old Ones

All the other parts are defensive in nature. Jesus used this weapon when Satan tempted Him in the wilderness. That is why it is so powerful. That is why it is so important that we study the Bible and become familiar with its truths and its power.

Even when you are clothed with the armor of God, you need to bathe it all in prayer. Prayer brings you into communion and fellowship with God so that His armor can protect you.

In God We Trust; Others Must Provide Data

All the pieces of the armor are found in a relationship with Jesus. Do you sometimes feel weak? Do you find yourself giving in to temptation when you really want to overcome?Albert Einstein's religious views have been widely studied and often misunderstood. Einstein used many labels to describe his religious views, including " agnostic ", [5] "religious nonbeliever" [3] and a "pantheistic" [9] believer in " Spinoza's God ".

Einstein was raised by secular Jewish parents, and attended a local Catholic public elementary school in Munich. I came—though the child of entirely irreligious Jewish parents—to a deep religiousness, which, however, reached an abrupt end at the age of twelve.

Through the reading of popular scientific books I soon reached the conviction that much in the stories of the Bible could not be true. The consequence was a positively fanatic orgy of freethinking coupled with the impression that youth is intentionally being deceived by the state through lies; it was a crushing impression. Mistrust of every kind of authority grew out of this experience, a skeptical attitude toward the convictions that were alive in any specific social environment—an attitude that has never again left me, even though, later on, it has been tempered by a better insight into the causal connections.

It is quite clear to me that the religious paradise of youth, which was thus lost, was a first attempt to free myself from the chains of the 'merely personal,' from an existence dominated by wishes, hopes, and primitive feelings.

Out yonder there was this huge world, which exists independently of us human beings and which stands before us like a great, eternal riddle, at least partially accessible to our inspection and thinking. The contemplation of this world beckoned as a liberation, and I soon noticed that many a man whom I had learned to esteem and to admire had found inner freedom and security in its pursuit. The mental grasp of this extra-personal world within the frame of our capabilities presented itself to my mind, half consciously, half unconsciously, as a supreme goal.

Similarly motivated men of the present and of the past, as well as the insights they had achieved, were the friends who could not be lost.

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The road to this paradise was not as comfortable and alluring as the road to the religious paradise; but it has shown itself reliable, and I have never regretted having chosen it. Prompted by his colleague L.

BrouwerEinstein read the philosopher Eric Gutkind 's book Choose Life[16] a discussion of the relationship between Jewish revelation and the modern world. On January 3,Einstein sent the following reply to Gutkind: "The word God is for me nothing more than the expression and product of human weaknesses, the Bible a collection of honourable, but still primitive legends which are nevertheless pretty childish.

For me the Jewish religion like all other religions is an incarnation of the most childish superstitions. On 22 March Einstein received a letter from Joseph Dispentiere, an Italian immigrant who had worked as an experimental machinist in New Jersey. Dispentiere had declared himself an atheist and was disappointed by a news report which had cast Einstein as conventionally religious.

Einstein replied on 24 March It was, of course, a lie what you read about my religious convictions, a lie which is being systematically repeated. I do not believe in a personal God and I have never denied this but have expressed it clearly. If something is in me which can be called religious then it is the unbounded admiration for the structure of the world so far as our science can reveal it.

In his book Ideas and Opinions Einstein stated, "In their struggle for the ethical good, teachers of religion must have the stature to give up the doctrine of a personal God, that is, give up that source of fear and hope which in the past placed such vast power in the hands of priests. Einstein had explored the idea that humans could not understand the nature of God. In an interview published in George Sylvester Viereck 's book Glimpses of the GreatEinstein responded to a question about whether or not he defined himself as a pantheist.

He explained:. Your question is the most difficult in the world. It is not a question I can answer simply with yes or no. I am not an Atheist.

I do not know if I can define myself as a Pantheist. The problem involved is too vast for our limited minds. May I not reply with a parable? The human mind, no matter how highly trained, cannot grasp the universe. We are in the position of a little child, entering a huge library whose walls are covered to the ceiling with books in many different tongues.

The child knows that someone must have written those books.See Lin Carter deities. See Clark Ashton Smith deities. The being is also part of Lovecraft's Dream Cycle. Bokrug is the god of the semi- amphibian Thuum'ha of Ib, in the land of Mnar.

The deity slept beneath the calm waters of a lake which bordered both Ib and the city of Sarnath.

ib gods

When the humans of Sarnath cruelly slaughtered the populace of Ib and stole the god's idol, the deity was awakened. Each year thereafter, strange ripples disturbed the otherwise placid lake. On the one-thousandth anniversary of Ib's destruction, Bokrug rose up and destroyed Sarnath so utterly that not even ruins remained. Afterwards, the Thuum'ha recolonized Ib and henceforth lived undisturbed. Some were the figures of well-known myth — gorgonschimaerasdragonscyclopsand all their shuddersome congeners.

Others were drawn from darker and more furtively whispered cycles of subterranean legend — black, formless Tsathogguamany-tentacled Cthulhuproboscidian Chaugnar Faugnand other rumoured blasphemies from forbidden books like the Necronomiconthe Book of Eibonor the Unaussprechlichen Kulten of von Junzt.

ib gods

Lovecraft, " The Horror in the Museum " emphasis added. Chaugnar Faugn or Chaugnar Faughn appears as a horribly grotesque idol, made of an unknown element, combining the worst aspects of octopus, elephant, and human being. When Chaugnar Faugn hungers, he can move incredibly quickly for his size, and use his lamprey -like "trunk" to drain the blood from any organism he encounters.

Chaugnar Faugn came to Earth from another dimension eons ago, possibly in a form other than the one which he later assumed. Upon arriving, he found the dominant lifeforms to be only simple amphibians.

From these creatures, he created the Miri Nigri to be his servitors. The Miri Nigri would later mate with early humans to produce hybrids that would eventually evolve into the horrid Tcho-Tcho people. See Cthugha.

See Cthylla. The being appears as a shapeless, multiform entity with a single arm used for catching those who summoned her, and bringing them a painless, ecstatic death. In ancient times, she once held a small cult in Italywhich paid her homage rather than worshiping her, since actual worship would be the same as summoning the god. They considered her to be no mere Cloacinabut the mortician of all creatures, even the gods themselves.

Armor of God: What is it?

See Ramsey Campbell deities. Gloon first appeared in H.Ibben [1] is an island nation in the Shivering Seawhich is the polar sea north of the eastern continent, Essos. The Ibbenese are frequently referred to as "the men of Ib" [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] after Ibben's largest island[8] which is home to most of the Ibbenese.

The nation of Ibben consists of several islands and settlements on the mainland of Essos. The largest island is Iba forested and mountainous isle containing the cities Port of Ibben and Ib Nor. South of Ib are scattered islands in the Bay of Whaleswhile another smaller island is located directly to the north.

South of the Ibbenese islands on the mainland of Essos is the city of New Ibbishsituated on a forested peninsula north of the Kingdom of the Ifequevron. According to George R. Martin" if you visualize Westeros as a big Britain and the eastern continent as mainland EuropeIbben is kind of up where Finland would be Different from the other races of mankind, [7]most Ibbenese live on Ib and the smaller islands surrounding it, with a few colonies on the mainland of Essos.

They are only allowed to venture beyond the city in the company of an Ibbenese host, but such invitations are rarely made. Ibben was ruled by a God-King until the Doom of Valyria. Now the power lies in the Shadow Councilwhose members are chosen by the Thousandan assembly of wealthy guildsmen, ancient nobles, priests, and priestesses, similar to the magisters of the Free Cities. Gold, iron, and tin are abundant in the mountains of Ibwhereas timber, amber, and hundreds sorts of pelts can be found in the island's forests.

Whale bone, blubber, and oil are Ib's chief stock-in-trade. Ibbenese are mostly known as whalers, piloting fat-bellied whaling ships with hulls black with tar.

The Ibbenese are one of the few peoples to sail the eastern waters of the Shivering Sea. The so-called Hairy Men were possibly the forebears of the Ibbenese. Dragons likely once lived on Ibben, as dragonbone has been found on the island Ib. Andalosthe lands on which the Andals eventually settled, was originally inhabited by a tribe called the hairy men.

The Pentoshi believe these hairy men were kin to the hairy men from Ib. Lorathbefore it became a Valyrian settlement, was for a while inhabited by a dark, small, hairy people akin to the men of Ib. While most consider them to have been Andalsthere are some who believe them to have been cousins of the men of Ib.


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